Child public health is a sub-speciality of public health. Often, public health specialists and paediatricians work together on this area (sometimes called child health). The aim is to optimise health and well-being of all children and young people.
Children and young people are most vulnerable to communicable diseases and to the wider determinants of health. Moreover, child health is a determinant of adult health and as a result, interventions or behavioural change in childhood and/or adolescence (e.g. reduction of childhood obesity) can have a positive impact on future health in adulthood. (A determinant is any factor or characteristic that increases the risk of disease or brings about a change in health either for better or worse).
In summary, child public health covers:
- The pattern of health and illness in children and young people (CYP)
- The investigation of the factors which affect CYP health and the ways in which we can modify them to improve health and well-being of children and young people